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Ahmed Faraz
--: Biography of Ahmed Faraz :--


Ahmed Faraz was born in January 14, 1931,Kohat, N.W.F.P., Pakistan, He was considered one of the greatest modern Urdu poets of the last century. Faraz is his pseudonym 'takhallus', whereas his real name is Syed Ahmad Shah Ahmed Faraz died in Islamabad on August 25, 2008

Ahmed Faraz, who has been compared with Faiz Ahmed Faiz, holds a unique position as one of the best poets of current times, with a fine but simple style of writing. [3] Even common people can easily understand. Ethnically a Hindko speaking Pashtoon, Ahmed Faraz studied Persian and Urdu at the Peshawar University. He later became lecturer at the Peshawar University.
He was awarded the Hilal-e-Imtiaz in 2004, in recognition of his literary achievements. He returned the award in 2006 after becoming disenchanted with the government and its policies.

He once came to glasgow at the invitation of Zia ul haq Qureshi, a Pakistani businessman and father of human rights campaigner, Robina Qureshi. Mr Qureshi loved poetry, philosophy and was instrumental in raising the funds to build Glasgow Central Mosque.


Faraz was born in Kohat, Pakistan to Syed Muhammad Shah Barq. His brother is Syed Masood Kausar. In an interview with Rediff he recalls how his father, once bought clothes for him on Eid. He didn't like the clothes meant for him, but preferred the ones meant for his elder brother. This lead him to write his first couplet: 

:سب کے واسطے لائے ہیں کپڑے سیل سے 
:لائے ہیں میرے لیے قیدی کا کمبل جیل سے 

Sab kay waste laye hein kaprye sale se 
Laye hein mere liye qaidi ka kambal jail se 

(He brought clothes for everybody from the sale) 
(For me he brought a blanket from jail) 

His parents asked him once to learn mathematics from a class fellow during the summer vacation. But he was weak in mathematics and geography, he didn't remember maps and roads. 

He was from a respectable family of Syed, descendents of ''Haji Bahadar" a famous saint of Kohat, he moved to Peshawar with entire family. Studied in famous Edwards College, Peshawar and then did his Masters in Urdu and Persian from Peshawar University. 

During his time in college, Faiz Ahmad Faiz and Ali Sardar Jafri were the best progressive poets, who impressed him and became his role models. 

Literary and Political life 

Outspoken about politics, he went into self-imposed exile during the Zia-ul-Haq era after he was arrested for reciting certain poems at a Mushaira criticizing the military rule. He stayed for 6 years in Britain, Canada and Europe before returning to Pakistan, where he was initially appointed Chairman Academy of Letters and later chairperson of the Islamabad-based National Book Foundation for several years. He has been awarded with numerous national and international awards. 

He was awarded the Hilal-e-Imtiaz in 2004, in recognition of his literary achievements. He returned the award in 2006 after becoming disenchanted with the government and its policies. 

"My conscious will not forgive me if I remained a silent spectator of the sad happenings around us. The least I can do is to let the dictatorship know where it stands in the eyes of the concerned citizens whose fundamental rights have been usurped. I am doing this by returning the Hilal-e-Imtiaz (civil) forthwith and refuse to associate myself in any way with the regime..." a statement issued by the poet. 

About his current writings he says: "I now only write when I am forced to from the inside." Maintaining a tradition established by his mentor, the revolutionary Faiz Ahmad Faiz, he wrote some of his best poetry during those days in exile. Famous amongst poetry of resistance has been "Mahasara". Faraz was also mentioned by actor Shahzada Ghaffar in the Pothwari/Mirpuri telefilm "Khai Aye O". 

Despite his deteriorating health, he was quite active in the Judicial Crisis, in 2007. He joined personally the lawyers to protest against the government, and also encouraged his colleagues to do the same. 


Faraz died from kidney failure in a local Islamabad hospital on 25 August 2008. His funeral was held on the evening of 26th, by many admirers and government officials at H-8 Graveyard, Islamabad, Pakistan. 

Samples of poetry 

A sample of his poetry is: 

Nazm: Khwaab martay naheen 
Khwaab martay naheen 

Khwaab dil hain, nah aankhen, nah saansen keh jo 
Rezaa, rezaa huwe to bikhar jaayen ge 
Jism kii maut se ye bhii mar jaayen ge 


1. Adamji Award (Pakistan's highest literary award), 1966 

2. Abaseen Award, 1970 

3. Dhanak Award, 1971 

4. Dr. Muhammad Iqbal Award, 1991 

5. Naqoosh-e-Adab Award, 1992-93 

6. Sitara-i-Imtiaz, 1993 

7. Kamal-e-Fan Award, 1994 


8. Pakistan Academy of Letters Award, 2000 

9. Hilal-e-Imtiaz, 2004 (returned in 2006) 

International Awards 

1. Firaq International Award (India), 1982 

2. Academy of Urdu Literature Award (Canada), 1991 

3. JN Tata Award (India), 1992 

4. 2000 Millennium Medal of Honors (USA), 1999 

5. First Kafi Azmi Award (UAE), 2002 

6. ETV Kamal-e-Fan Award (India), 2004 



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