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Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor
--: Biography of Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor :--

Ghulam Ahmad Mahjoor (d. 1952) the most beloved poet of Kashmir was born in 1888  at village Metragam, Pulawama. Born Ghulam Ahmad, he took the pen name of 'Mahjoor' and became popular in Kashmir by this very name. At the height of his renown, he was called "the Wordsworth of Kashmiri poetry" by great Rabindranath Tagore.

After passing the middle school examination from Nusrat-ul-Islam School, Srinagar, he went to Punjab where he came in contact with urdu poets like Bismil Amritsari and Moulana Shibi Nomani. He returned to Srinagar in 1908 and started writing in Persian and then in Urdu. However, it was in Kashmiri language that his poetry truly excelled. He is widely revered in Kashmir for being the person who solely revived the Kashmiri languages from the regress of lost literary circles and brought it to the seeking common masses. It was largely due to the success of Mahjoor with Kashmiri language that his contemporaries also gave up writing in Urdu and Persian, and started writing in Kashmiri.

Mahjoor worked as a Patwari (Pathva:r') in Kashmir. A Patwari is the offical responsible for keeping record of land, maps and land dealings. The post of Patwari was held in high esteem as in those days in far-flung areas, Patwari was the sole representative of the administration. This job required him to work closely with poor landless peasants and was to condition his sensibilities and help him understand the cause of the sufferings of the poor and destitute folks of his land.

Mahjoor had his first Kashmiri poem 'Vanta hay vesy' published in 1918. In his earlier days, Mahjoor used to write only love poems (mastering at this, as his love songs or 
lyrics are still sung and remain very popular) but these songs were not the love songs of the rich or of tavern, songs like 'Vanta hay vesy' were love songs of simple folk like - in this particular case - a country
lass. These love songs had the melody of the earlier lol lyrics of sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, but their rhythm and singing quality seems inspired by the popular Hindustani geet and song of early decades that came to Kashmir through the Punjab.

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