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Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad
--: Biography of Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad :--

Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad


Peerzada Ghulam Ahmad,born 3 September 1885 - died 9 April 1952, better known by the pen name Mahjoor , was a renowned poet of the J&K Kashmir Valley, along with contemporaries, Zinda Kaul, Abdul Ahad Azad, Dinanath Nadim. He is especially noted for introducing a new style into Kashmiri poetry and for expanding Kashmiri poetry into previously unexplored thematic realms. In addition to his poems in Kashmiri, Mahjoor is also noted for his poetic compositions in Persian and Urdu .

Peerzada family of Manzgam in Pulwama, Ghulam Ahmad Shah (Mehjoor) opened his eyes in a religious and literate environment. He received initial education from his father Abdullah Shah and also from Abdul Aala Ganaie Ashiq of Tral. In 1901, he was admitted in Madrasa Nusratul-Islam for receiving primary education but had to leave midway because of straitened circumstances. To make ends meet he was constrained to go to Amritsar to learn calligraphy so that he could earn a living. With the help of Urdu poet Moulvi Abdullah Bismil he got employment as a scribe at Qadian with the newspaper Al Badr.

In 1908 he returned home. Next year he got employed in the State Revenue Department as Shajr-Kash / Patwari and was posted in Ladakh. On his father’s death he returned Kashmir perhaps without permission from his officers. Consequently he lost this job also. Although he was re-employed, his career as Government servant remained chequered because he was removed and reinstated on two more occasions. The result was that he remained poverty stricken but that could not dampen his spirits as a poetic artist.

By 1911-12 he started writing poetry in Urdu and Kashmiri although he was not much interested in Kashmiri poetry initially 



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