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Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi
--: Biography of Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi :--


Sayyed Ali Naqi Naqvi also known as Naqqan   was a mujtahid from Lucknow, India who graduated from Najaf, Iraq. He is famous for his writings in Urdu, including the most famous Shaheed-e-Insaniyat and Tareekh-e-Islam.
One of the most highly regarded scholars of Shia Islam at his time, he wrote more than 100 books and 1000 short books. His books were published by him in 12 languages in India. He is among the most learned Islamic scholars in Indian History.
His first journey to Iraq with his family was in 1327 Hijri. His 'Bismillah' at the age of seven in Rauza-e-Imam Ali in Najaf, Iraq. He received his initial religious training by Aaqae Syed Mohammad Ali Shah Abdul Azeemi. After his father, Syed Abul Hasan, received his ijtihad, the family moved back to Lucknow when Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi was age 9. He became a mujtahid at the age of 27. He was given ijazah by Ayatollah Naaini.
He taught Arabic and Persian at Lucknow University, Lucknow, India. Later he joined the Aligarh Muslim University in the Department of Shia Theology where he was its Chairman and was also the Dean of the Faculty of Theology on number of occasions . He taught both the undergraduate students as well as post-graduate students. He was respected by all at the University.
His second journey to Najaf was for his religious education in 1927, (1345 Hijri). He had already written and published four books before his journey to Iraq
1. Rooh Aladab Sharah Alamiyatal Arab
2. Albait Al Mamoor Fi Emaratal Qubur
3. Faryaad e Musalmanane Aalam
4. Altawae Haj Per Sharaee Nuqtae Nazar Se Bahas
His first book published in Arabic was in Najaf during his days as a student and was the first ever book to be written against Wahabis, it is called "Kashf annaqab ann aqaaed Abdul Wahab Najdi". His second book in Arabic was in defence of the act of "Matam, by the name of "Aqalatalaashir fi eqamatalshaaer".
Ayatollah Ali Naqi Naqqan was founder of Imamia Mission, Lucknow. Through this organization, several books were published. Name of some of his famous books are as follow:
1. Islam aur Tijarat
2. Mazhab aur aqal
3. Islam ka tarz e zindagi
4. Mutah aur islam
5. Ismat e Pardah
6. Tafseer e Fasal ul Khitab
7. Miraj e Insaniat
8. Shaheed e Insaniat
9. Suluh Aur Jang
10. Tarikh e Islam
One of his major works is Preface written for Nahj al-Balagha and Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya written by Allama Mufti Jafer.
 Majlis in Pakistan
Ayatollah Ali Naqi Naqvi Naqqan came to Pakistan for the first time in 1954 to address majalis in Lahore. After that, he came in 1979 after a gap of 25 years with the efforts of Syed Kalbe Sadiq of India. In 1979, he addressed all the majalis in Karachi.
From 1980 to 1984, he expanded his visit of Pakistan by also addressing majalis in various other cities of Pakistan i.e. Lahore,Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Multan, Sialkot and Hyderabad.
Ayatollah Ali Naqi Naqqan did not come to Pakistan after 1984 due to his old age and illness. He also suffered from paralyses (stroke) for somedays. He died at the age of 83 in Lucknow on Eid-ul-Fitr.
His son, Professor Syed Ali Mohammad Naqavi is currently the Dean of the Faculty of Theology at Aligarh Muslim University, a position previously held by Maulana Naqqan himself.
Source : Wikipedia
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